Periodontal disease or gum disease is a very concerning problem that can have a direct impact on overall long-term health and wellness. The impact of periodontal disease should never be underestimated. Keep in mind that one of the easiest ways to prevent and avoid periodontal disease is to simply have regular routine brushing and flossing habits in place. This along with biannual meetings with your dentist for checkups and professional cleanings can keep periodontal disease or gum disease at bay permanently. Gum disease is nothing more than the problems caused by bacteria from plaque and tartar buildup. Periodontal disease can even be caused by certain types of medication as well as tobacco use and clenching or grinding of the teeth. There are even suggestions that genetics may have a direct relationship to periodontal disease.
When Gingivitis Goes Untreated
There are two types of gum disease. One is known as gingivitis and the other is more advanced periodontal disease. Gingivitis is nothing more than the beginning stage of gum disease. It often goes undetected, but the good news is that gingivitis is completely reversible. Conversely, periodontal disease happens when gingivitis goes untreated. It is effectively the next and more dangerous stage of gum disease. This level of gum disease results in chronic inflammatory response eventually leading to the breakdown of bone and tissue in the infected area. Ultimately, there is bone and tooth loss. That is why it is so important to stay ahead of the problem in order to prevent tooth loss and other issues. There are several signs and symptoms associated with the disease. This includes everything from red and bleeding gums to gums that are excessively swollen.
High Levels of Bacteria are Present
In addition, bad breath, tooth sensitivity and receding gums along with abscessed teeth and tooth loss may all indicate the presence of periodontal related disease. Perhaps most troubling of all is that periodontal disease can result in more serious systemic problems. This includes everything from heart disease to stroke and diabetes as well as chronic kidney disease and even preterm birth. For example, scientific research has shown that gingivitis can cause an increase in the risk of heart disease and stroke. This is due to the fact that higher levels of bacteria are present in the mouth that eventually move throughout the body. Equally of concern is that those with diabetes are more susceptible to gum disease while those with gum disease are more susceptible to diabetes. Contact your Pinole dentist office, Top Pinole Dental, the practice of Azadeh Hosseini, DDS and Ghazal Hosseini, DDS today for more information.